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SC Syllabus 2014

The Science Syllabus 2014 is based on the Science Curriculum Framework as shown below.

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Central to the Science curriculum framework is the inculcation of the spirit of scientific inquiry - to nurture students as inquirers who are curious about the things around them. The conduct of inquiry is founded on three integral domains of (a) Knowledge, Understanding and Application, (b) Skills and Processes and (c) Ethics and Attitudes. Inquiry is grounded in knowledge, issues and questions that relate to the roles played by science in daily life, society and the environment.

We endeavour to nurture students who enjoy science and value science as an important tool in helping them explore their natural and physical world, are equipped with ethics and attitudes to engage in science-related issues as a reflective citizen, and be able to function and contribute to a dynamic and digital world.

Sequence of Topics for Year 2021



Primary Three

1. Plant and their Parts (conducted during P3 Hydroponics & Plant System Module)

2. Classification: Living and non-living things
3. Plants, Animals, Fungi and Bacteria
4. Exploring materials
5. Magnets and their Characteristics
6. Making Magnets
7. Life Cycles of some Animals
8. Life Cycles of Plants

Primary Four

1. Cycles in Matter
2. Heat Energy
3. Light Energy

4. Your Amazing Body System (Human Digestive System)

Primary Five

1. Plant Transport System
2. Air and the Respiratory System

3. The Circulatory System
4. The Unit of Life (Cell System)
5. Electrical Systems
6. Using Electricity
7. Reproduction in Plants
8. Reproduction in Humans
9. Water and changes of state
10. The Water Cycle

 Primary Six

1. Energy in Food
2. Forms & Uses of Energy, Sources of Energy
3. Forces
4. Living Together
5. Food Chains and Food Webs
6. Adaptations
7. Man’s impact on his Environment


Vision & Mission

Where young scientists are empowered to experiment and apply scientific knowledge and skills to appreciate and care for the environment.

To ignite students’ natural curiosity and passion for exploring science with an inquiring mind through purposeful multi-disciplinary learning experiences.

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The Science curriculum at Anderson Primary seeks to develop in students an inquiring mind where they question what they observe, obtain evidence to explain phenomena, be able to connect to a variety of contexts and communicate science concepts effectively. Students’ natural curiosity and passion for exploring science will be ignited and sustained through various hands-on multi-disciplinary learning experiences that are integrated across contexts and subjects. These would include practical work, outdoor learning, ICT-enriched packages, Young Scientist Badge Scheme and STEM – Eureka Applied Learning Programme. Sustainability Education will also be infused within the curriculum and integrated with other subject disciplines to inculcate in Andersonians the right values, ethics and attitudes to understand the challenges of climate change and its impact on Singapore.

At Anderson Primary, we believe that every Andersonian can become responsible and reflective citizens and Environment Stewards of Sustainability.

Outdoor Learning Spaces 

‘Green spaces’ at the Biodiversity GardenRegenerative Garden and the Hydroponics Stations aim to inculcate a love for nature among Andersonians and make the learning of Science more authentic through various experiential activities. Accompanying resources have been designed to encourage outdoor hands-on learning about:

·         urban farming and the issue of food security,

·         the science behind composting,

·         different types of plants: the creepers, the flowering and the non-flowering,

·         different parts of the plants, and how different plants have different plant parts for various purposes,  

·         reproductive parts of a plant,

·         life cycle of the butterfly,  

·         interactions among living things, and

·         how the flora and fauna are adapted for different purposes.

2021 SCI - pic 20.JPGThe ‘Brown space’ at the Community Vermicomposting Station aims to raise awareness on how to recycle organic food waste into vermicast (an organic fertilizer) for the school gardens using worms. Through this closed-loop community food waste system, our Green Ambassadors are empowered to make Anderson Primary a composting hub, while our Primary 1 and 2 students learn about worm farming ecosystems through their PAL- Outdoor Education module.

2021 SCI - pic 21.JPGThe Sustainable Learning Trail aims to educate Andersonians about Singapore’s sustainability journey. The trail features 6 different educational zones (Sustainable Blueprint, Clean Singapore, Food Waste, Future City, Water Story and Climate Change) with key learning outcomes to understand the different issues about sustainability through customized infographics. Students can access relevant fun facts and bit-sized information and scan the QR codes provided for more information on the topics presented. Accompanying activity sheets will be integrated into the Science and Social Studies curriculum to encourage students to interact with these panels in a fun way.

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Roving Exhibitions are also featured at Anderson Primary at various times of the year as outreach programmes to promote Sustainability Education and Environment Stewardship. These include:

  • ‘R.I.S.E to the Challenge’ Exhibit to engage Andersonians on the issue of Climate Change and the challenge of the rising sea levels.
  • ‘Energy Heroes!’ Exhibit comprised five game exhibits for Andersonians to appreciate the importance of energy and what we can do to conserve energy.
  • ‘The Inflatable Lung’ exhibition allowed Andersonians to take a step into one of the largest organs in our body that keeps us alive and breathing. Students also had an opportunity to participate in a challenge where they find out how “powerful” their lungs are.
  • ‘Marine Tank’ Interaction Booth where students learnt about ecosystems, habitats, adaptations and had the opportunity to ‘touch’ various marine organisms.
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Key Programmes

Inquiry-based Active Learning with Technology
Students learn Science using the inquiry approach via a variety of ICT tools and experiential hands-on experiments. This ensures that the learning of Science is not confined to the textbook and the classrooms, but is seamlessly integrated into the students’ lives.

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Outdoor Learning

To nurture a sense of appreciation for nature and encourage Andersonians to do their part for the environment, various science enrichment modules have been designed to provide outdoor learning experiences and opportunities for self-discovery through hands-on doing.

(i) Friend or Foe Workshop

Friend or Foe is a Biodiversity Learning Experience focused on drawing awareness and appreciation for the diverse range of bugs and insects that live in small green urban spaces around us. Conducted by trainers from an environmental social enterprise, Cultivate Central, students learnt about the special characteristics of different bugs and the different roles they play.

Primary 3 students had an outdoor classroom experience to explore the regenerative gardens in the school, to observe and identify the bugs and insects residing in these areas. Up close, our students had an opportunity to see the different stages in the life cycle of a rhinoceros beetle. Through this workshop, our students learnt what it means to have balance and diversity in the green spaces in school, at home and in our beautiful garden city.

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(ii) Hydroponics & Plant Parts Module

This in-house programme aims to provide a hands-on learning experience for our Primary 3 students to appreciate and learn more about plant life, participate in the process of crop growing, develop teamwork, motivate respect and values for life in nature as well as encourage healthy eating habits.

During the growing process, students have the opportunity to observe different plant parts such as plant roots, without pulling the plant out of its environment. Students will transplant their seedlings into the hydroponics system and watch the development of their crop until it is ready to be harvested and consumed.

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(iii) Back to Nature – Replant & Grow Module
Back to Nature – Replant and Grow module aims to nurture budding Young Botanists with an appreciation and love for our nature’s green. In conjunction with the Young Botanist Activity Card, Primary 5 students participated in a micro-farming workshop and a recycled bottle garden lesson. 

In the micro-farming workshop, students discovered the various components of healthy, ‘living’ soil. Students worked in groups and got their hands dirty to mix these components together to create their own organic soil. This organic soil was then transferred into their fabric planter beds to grow bak choy, spring onions and lettuce. In the recycled bottle garden lesson, each student had the opportunity to create their own Bottle Garden using simple materials such as a recycled plastic bottle, Fittonia, pebbles and peat moss. 

Through these hands-on activities, students learned about the science behind composting, how a recycled bottle garden can be self-sustaining and brought home organic crops to share with their families.

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(iv) Reduce & Upcycle towards Sustainability – Trash into Treasure Module

Reduce & Upcycle towards Sustainability module aims to raise awareness of the issue of waste generation in modern day living and the importance of refusing, reducing, repurposing and recycling efforts. In this module, activities have been designed for Primary 4 students to research and understand about the concept of upcycling. Student then work in groups to create an upcycled product that is useful for the classroom before culminating with an authentic, hands-on values-in-action experience through the “Trashwalk & Sustainability” Programme at the Singapore Zoo. We hope that Andersonians are empowered to take positive actions for the environment through this module.

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Science Experiential Day/Week

Science Experiential Day/Week aims to raise awareness and empower Andersonians to be Environment Stewards of Sustainability. Under the theme of Sustainable Energy, upper primary students will learn more about green energy sources and concepts on energy efficiency while reflecting on how they can do their part to conserve energy.

(i) Energy Conservation Week

Aligned to the topic of Electricity and the Anderson vision of nurturing every Andersonian to be a responsible Environment Steward, the Energy Conservation Week aims to create hands-on opportunities for students to learn about real-world phenomena and issues in electricity use and conservation.

Primary 5 students took on the role of a Young Energy Saver Scientist to investigate the efficiency of light conversion from electrical energy from different bulb sources at the ‘Bulb in a Box’ Interaction Activity Booth. At the ‘Food for Thought’ Interaction Activity Booth, students had the opportunity to generate electricity using food and investigate which types of food generate a higher amount of electricity. Throughout the week, students also carried out the various activities under the ‘I am a Young Energy Saver’ Badge Scheme to learn more about Energy Conservation.

Through the Science Activity Booths and the Young Energy Saver Activity Book, we hope to develop in Andersonians an appreciation for energy resources, for them to understand the rationale behind the need to conserve electrical energy and learn ways to do their part in the responsible use and conservation of electricity for sustainable living.

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(ii) Wind Turbine Making Day

At the Science Experiential Day conducted by Singapore Science Centre, Primary 6 students made their own wind turbine by making a pinwheel to attach to a motor. Students were encouraged to be creative in testing out various pinwheel designs that will be efficient in collecting wind so as to enable the LED that is attached to the motor, to light up steadily. Through this experiential day, students learnt to apply concepts of energy conversion to explain how their wind turbine works and appreciated how wind is a green energy source to generate electricity.

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Learning Journeys

(i)  Singapore Zoo

Primary 3 students visit the Singapore Zoo to learn about the body coverings of different animal groups and its functions. In addition, students get to complete a Zoo trail that is designed by our teachers to encourage students to classify a variety of animals they see based on their similarities and differences using common observable characteristics. This trail also broadens students’ knowledge of examples of animals in the different animal groups they have learnt under the Diversity theme. 

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(ii) Singapore Science Centre

Learning journeys to the Singapore Science Centre are organised for students to deepen and extend their learning. Primary 5 students attend “Diversity of Cells” laboratory-based workshop to learn about the classification of livings things as well as explore, observe and identify cells through a microscope. Primary 6 students are taught field techniques to catch and observe a variety of aquatic organisms which make up the pond community in the “Aquatic Plants and Animals” workshop, and in the process, learn about relationships between organisms in the pond ecosystem.

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(iii) Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve

Primary 6 students had the opportunity to explore biodiversity in our own backyard and understand its importance during the mangrove walk at the Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve. During this learning journey, students learnt eye-opening facts about fauna and flora in mangrove habitats, relationships between organisms and appreciate the importance of protecting our Mother Nature.

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Young Scientist Badge Programme

To encourage the application of learning to the real world and provide opportunities for students to carry out self-directed activities in the various disciplines of Science and Mathematics, the following Young Scientist Badges are offered to Primary 2 to 5 students.



Curricula Subject


I am a Young Botanist

P2 PAL – Outdoor Education


I am a Young Zoologist



I am a Young Environmentalist



I am a Young Energy Saver



I am a Young Mathematician



I am a Young Water Ambassador


Besides stimulating interest in Science through activities, students have taken the initiative to be creative in their presentation and communication of learning.

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Integration of Science

(i) Lower Primary English

Simple science concepts such as life cycle of butterfly and magnets are integrated into the EL STELLAR Programme to stimulate scientific thinking in our young learners.

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(ii) Lower Primary PAL – Outdoor Education (OE) Module

Core ideas, practices and the values of curiosity and responsibility are integrated into the lower primary PAL – OE module to complement and broaden their perspectives as they explore the diversity of animals and plants around them.

Big Ideas in Science

Practices of Science

Values, Ethics & Attitudes

There is a diversity of living and non-living things.


We can make sense of the world by organising its diversity through classification

Curiosity – desiring to explore the environment & question what is found

Cycles of living things has a repeated pattern. This allows us to make predictions.

We have to make informed decisions and take actions to use resources in nature responsibly and sustainably.

Responsibility – showing care & concern for living things

Science Assembly Programme
The Science Assembly Programme is planned with the following objectives:

  • To arouse and ignite Andersonians interest in the learning of Science.
  • To equip Andersonians with the ethics and attitudes to engage in science-related issues as a reflective citizen.
  • To help Andersonians appreciate how science influences people and the environment.

Some of the shows and talks organised include:

  • The Amazing World of Animals Talk
  • Author’s Talk on the World of Dinosaur by local author Andy Chua
  • Air-Amazing Science Show
  • No! to Plastic Talk
  • Marine Wildlife Talk & Marine Tank Interaction
  • Incredible Edibles – The Chemistry of Cookies Science Show by the Singapore Science Centre
  • Singapore Wildlife and Trashbusters Talks by the Singapore Zoo
  • Seeds Plastics Talk by Keppel Land Limited, in partnership with Conservation International and Ayer Ayer Project

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Additional Enrichment Programmes

  • E2K Science Enrichment Programme
  • Singapore Youth Science Fair 
  • Elementz Science Project Competition and Exhibition 
  • Singapore Primary Science Olympiad
  • Raffles Science Olympiad